Periodontal Plastic Surgery
Periodontal plastic procedures can give you a perfect smile and boost your confidence so you can be at your best.
The Art of Periodontal Esthetics in dentistry consists of the correction of gingival (gum) asymmetries, "gummy smiles", and gingival defects, discoloration of tissue and exposure of teeth partially covered with gums. Periodontal procedures are available to stop further dental problems and gum recession, and/or to improve the esthetics of your gum line.
The Importance of Healthy Gum Tissue
Healthy gum tissue protects your teeth from disease and sensitivity and helps produce a great smile. When you experience loss of gum tissue around your teeth it can be the beginning of serious oral health problems. Fortunately, your doctor can perform a predictable treatment for reversing this tissue loss. In the past, this procedure required that a piece of tissue be harvested from the roof of your mouth to serve as the graft material. Unfortunately, not everyone has enough tissue available or wants to have tissue taken from this sensitive area.
Minimally Invasive Gum Grafting
Exposed tooth roots are the result of gum recession. Perhaps you wish to enhance your smile by covering one or more of these roots that make your teeth appear too long. Or, maybe you're not bothered by the appearance of these areas, but you cringe because the exposed roots are sensitive to hot or cold foods and liquids.
Your gums may have receded for a variety of reasons, including aggressive tooth brushing or periodontal disease, or you may not be in control of what caused the recession. Recession often results in loss of the protective attached tissue around the tooth resulting in compromised protection to inflammation and mechanical forces. Exposed root surfaces are also more prone to abrasion and dental decay. Prior to your treatment, we can help you identify the factors contributing to the problem and once these are controlled, a soft tissue graft procedure will repair the defect and help to improve the cosmetics as well as prevent additional recession and bone loss.
Soft tissue grafts (connective tissue grafts) can be used to cover roots or develop gum tissue where absent due to excessive gingival recession. During this procedure gum tissue from your palate or another donor source will be used to cover the exposed root. This can be done for one tooth or several teeth to even your gum line and reduce sensitivity. Dr. Haghighat uses a minimally invasive technique that eliminates need for surface incisions. The tissue is mobilized by a tunneling technique through a small pinhole-size entry point. This gives a superior esthetic outcome as well as a predictable outcome.
An alternative to autogenous connective tissue grafts (from the palate) are Allograft materials such as AlloDerm or Mucograft rengerative tissue. It is a matrix that allows Dr. Haghighat to give you the tissue graft that you need, without the limitations associated with . harvesting the graft material from somewhere else in your mouth. These materials consist of a collagen matrix that preserves all the elements necessary for revascularization and cellular repopulation. Multiple prospective human clinical investigations have documented equivalent root coverage results to connective tissue grafts.
As the body's natural processes take over, your own cells move into the Allograft tissue. Over time, your cells transform the material into your own healthy gum tissue. Once recovery is complete, you won't be able to tell the Allograft was ever there. This technique allows us to manage extensive areas in one session without the discomfort that at times is attributed to palatal donor tissue.